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UNIT ONE: Toward Independence

Lesson 20

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Lesson 52

GIS (Geographical Information System)

LEFT SIDE
PAGE 46

1
WARM-UP

Marco?
POLO.

Marco?
POLO.

What is this all about?

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
4
WRAP-UP
 
What impact will GPS have on our lives?
 
What role does GIS play in our communities and lives?

RIGHT SIDE
PAGE 47

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2
OBJECTIVE:
  • Explain the value of GIS.

3
NOTES:
  • What is GIS?
    • aka Geographical Information System
    • A system that merges geographical information in a computer database with spatial coordinates on a digital map.
  • Types of useful information stored in GIS
    • Natural things
    • Man-made things
    • Tracks, speeds, projections
  • Major applications of GIS
    • Geographical mapping
    • Tree and animal locations
    • Documenting environmental changes (stream bed movement, beach erosion)
    • Addressing systems speed and projection capability
    • Emergency service instructions
    • Airplane movement and location (Ron Brown)
  • Ramifications
    • Scientific (gypsy moth)
    • Business (manage assets, track goods)
    • Life
    • Municipalities (fire, ambulance, police)
    • Ethical issues
    • Military applications
    • Power grids
    • Managament of traffic signals

 
GIS