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UNIT ONE: Toward Independence

Lesson 38

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CULTURE: WHAT IS IT?

LEFT SIDE
PAGE 82

1
WARM-UP

Culture Box
Everything in your box is part of a society's culture.
What can you understand about culture from the contents of your box?

CULTURE BOX
Summary

Culture
What you HAVE - artifacts
What you DO - sociofacts
What you THINK - mentifacts

Example
The Meat Grinder
an object made of metal
but also reflects ideas - the value that eating meat is acceptable
the action is making ground meat - who grinds the meat (value influences action)

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
3
Attach "What Is Culture?".
As a group, read aloud "What Is Culture?".
As a group discuss and highlight the important information.

RIGHT SIDE
PAGE 83

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2
OBJECTIVES:
  • Define "culture".
  • Describe the three parts of culture.
  • Explain how socieities fulfill their social needs.

 
 
 
 
 
 
4
NOTES ON
WHAT IS CULTURE?
  • Developed ways to survive in their environment or surroundings
    • Basic Needs ALL people have
      • Clean air
      • Clean water
      • Food
      • Shelter
      • Sanitation
    • Adapt to their environment
      • Change how they live
      • Change their surroundings
    • Society is the group of people living together
  • Social Needs - Questions all societies must answer
    • How to Maintain Order?
      • The Political System
      • Key Issues:
        • Who makes the decisions, rules?
        • What happens if someone doe not follow the rules, decisions?
        • WHo enforces the decisions, rules?
    • How to provide for the physical needs of the group?
      • The Economic System
      • Key Issues:
        • What will be produced?
        • Who will produce it?
        • How will it be distributed?
    • How to provide for future members?
      • The Family System
      • Key Issues:
        • What is the family structure?
        • Who is to care for and raise the children?
    • How to pass on your way of life?
      • The Educational and Family Systems
      • Key Issues:
        • What skills, knowledge does the new members of the society need?
        • How will they acquire these skills and knowledge?
    • How to provide a shared set of answers to important questions?
      • The Religious System
      • Key Issues:
        • What is the purpose for life?
        • What happens after one dies?
        • What is good?
  • Total Way of Life of a group of people
    • Institutions
      • An important practice, relationship, or organization in a society
      • Key Institutions:
        • Government
        • Family
        • Education
        • Economic
        • Religious
    • Customs
      • Special ways of doing things
      • Actions (socio-facts)
        • Norms - usual acceptable behaviors
          • manners (like covering your mouth when you sneeze, saying thank you, etc)
        • Mores - important ways of behaving
          • affects the safety and security of the group (like respecting others property and health)
        • Taboos - forbidden behaviors
          • like picking your nose, murder, etc
    • Values
      • Things they believe in or find important
      • Thoughts (menti-facts)
      • American Examples:
        • Freedom - give me liberty or give me death
        • Materialism - he who has the most toys wins
        • Instant Gratification - I want it now
    • Artifacts
      • Objects a society possesses
      • Reflects the level of technology and values of the society

Add the Following Items to Your Glossary (81-83)
 
Culture
Society
Institutions